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It's All in the Details
Detail-Oriented: The Pros and Cons of This Personality Trait
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Taylor Tobin
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When describing yourself and your work performance in a performance review or an interview, you likely have a small collection of go-to adjectives and terms that highlight your positive attributes. “Hard-working,” “passionate,” and “a good team player” all serve as popular examples, but one of the most ubiquitous self-affirming phrases in the workplace has to be “detail-oriented.” 

The rampant popularity of this phrase likely comes from its seemingly harmless tone; of course employers value staffers who double-check their work and aim for precise results. But is this attribute always beneficial for every work circumstance, or can too much attention to detail sometimes hamper progress? To help you decide how to navigate this phrase during the job application and interview processes, we’re breaking down the definition of “detail-oriented,”,its pros and cons in a professional environment, the careers that most reward attention to detail, and how best to highlight this trait when sitting down with a hiring manager.

What does it mean to be detail-oriented?

Tempting though it can be to bring subtext and suspected “hidden messaging” to this term, “detail-oriented” typically means exactly what it seems. A detail-oriented person focuses not only on the “big picture” of a task, but also on the small facets of the assignment and the minor actions that need to take place to accomplish the goal. Think of an artist who paints not just with large sweeps, but also with a tiny brush intended to capture small nuances. 

According to the Oxford English Dictionary, synonyms for “detail-oriented” can include: “meticulous, punctilious, conscientious, careful, diligent, attentive, ultra-careful, scrupulous, painstaking, exact, precise, accurate, correct, thorough, studious, exhaustive, mathematical, detailed, perfectionist, methodical, particular, religious, and strict.”

The pros

While a related term — perfectionist — can carry a negative connotation depending on your workplace, being detail-oriented is almost universally accepted as a positive characteristic. If your supervisor needs someone to review a presentation, she’ll want to choose an employee who’s proven her attention to detail and her ability to hone in on how every aspect of the presentation serves its ultimate purpose. If you’re in a customer-facing position, clients will also appreciate your willingness to thoroughly meet their needs without skipping a step. 

Early-career professionals may particularly benefit from building and refining their detail attention, as support roles like administrative assistant, executive assistant, paralegal, and data assistant require individuals who refuse to cut corners and will ensure meticulous completion of assignments.

The cons 

Attention to detail holds broad appeal across numerous industries and seniority levels, but there is such a thing as focusing too strongly on minutiae...which is where the “perfectionism” stigma becomes relevant. The Daily MBA blog refers to overwhelming perfectionism as “analysis paralysis,” explaining that “part of digging too deep is the eventual analysis paralysis. This hurts organizations and individuals by giving them excuses for not making decisions. Once analysis paralysis sets in, it’s hard to break out of it. People become entwined in a vicious loop of second-guessing, gathering more data and more analysis. This cycle is unhealthy because it stagnates your group or organization. Again, life and death stuff, keep digging. For normal everyday stuff, make a decision and move on.”

If you’re detail-oriented, what careers should you pursue?

As we mentioned previously, support roles are excellent ways to channel your detail-oriented tendencies, particularly in the early phases of your career. You’ll be hard-pressed to find a manager who doesn’t value — and, frankly, expect —close attention to detail from her employees, and proving your capacity for picking up on crucial tasks that less fastidious people may overlook will quickly render you indispensable to your supervisor and can therefore expedite your career growth. 

At a mid-career or senior level, plenty of positions still require a strong ability to identify, corral, and address small tasks that add up to create important moves for the company or organization. For example, CPAs and accountants at all levels must pay close attention to every sum and figure, as missing even one can result in an incorrect expense report or tax return. Because they also heavily rely on numbers and mathematical formulas, careers in science and medicine — from lab assistant to chief of surgery — also necessitate an inclination to focus on minutiae.  

For those with sharp eyes for mechanical issues, a career as an aviation inspector can make excellent use of a detail-oriented personality. These professionals check all aircrafts to ensure that systems are operating properly and also oversee the maintenance of air traffic control equipment, all of which must be accomplished precisely for safety reasons. 

Detail-oriented workers can frequently expect higher-than-average compensation for their diligence, particularly as they rise in seniority. Business Insider indicates that detail-oriented people can parlay their skills into lucrative roles, highlighting career paths like software quality assurance engineer (average salary: $85,240) and nurse anesthetist (average salary: $157,140) as comfortable options. 

How to highlight this quality in an interview

When interviewing for a job that really excites you, it can be tempting to declare your positive attributes directly, announcing to the interviewer that you’re a detail-oriented person. 

However, in the vast majority of interview circumstances, it’s far better to follow a “show, don’t tell” methodology. Rather than telling the hiring manager that you pay attention to all aspects of a project, no matter how small, offer examples of instances from your work history that illustrate that trait. If the interviewer asks you to tell her about a past work project that made you especially proud, provide an instance that made strong use of your ability to focus on details. When woven into a compelling narrative illustrating your strength as an employee, your detail-oriented nature will appear more relevant and directly valuable to this new company, rather than a perfunctory quality on a list with no evidence to back it up. 

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