How to Answer the 31 Most Common Interview Questions
Photo credit: Total Jobs
No matter how many job interviews you've had, let's face it: Job interviews are nerve-wracking for any job seeker. Even if you spend hours preparing, you can never be certain you won’t be caught off-guard with a tough interview question — and it can be hard to know in advance whether you are a good fit for the company. You may spend hours combing through a prospective employer’s company website and reading up on job interview advice and tips for job interviews, but it can still be difficult to anticipate job interview questions and answers.
Figuring out how to prepare for an interview — and then putting in the prep work — is a pain, but if you’re like most job candidates and get a normal case of the jitters, the best thing you can do to project confidence and calm those nerves is study typical interview questions make sure you’re as prepared as possible. Your job interview answers often make or break your chances of getting a job, so it’s wise to put in the effort beforehand so you come out feeling as confident as possible.
The best way to tackle preparation? Rehearse answering the questions on this list, since they're most likely to be the questions asked.
Common Questions You’ll Get in a Job Interview
- “Would you like something to drink?”
Ok, this may sound like a silly job interview question and something more in line with common job interview etiquette than the substance of the interview itself, but experts say that when someone does something for you, they are actually slightly more positively inclined towards you. It’s called the Ben Franklin effect: a person who has performed a favor for someone is more likely to do another favor for that person. So even if you’re not a thirsty job candidate that day, just take the water, for goodness sake!
Despite how this open-ended question sounds, it is not literally an invitation to delve into an existential examination of your life before your interviewers. Especially not because this is a job interview question! A good answer should focus on the fact that this is an elevator pitch opportunity and needs rehearsing. Be ready to wrap up your answer in 1 minute and focus on the positive summary of your skills, professional accomplishments, and personal experience that casts you in the most appealing light for the job. Talk about your promotions, highlight your successes and quantify your achievements.
One of the worst things you can do is drone on without realizing you are boring the other person, or answering with details they aren’t interested in, so pay attention to non-verbal cues as you talk and be ready to adjust mid-way through if you need to.
- “Why are you interested in the role?”
As a job seeker, the best way to answer this common interview question is to emphasize the merits and exciting aspects of the position itself to convey your enthusiasm, rather than a time to rehash how your background and work experience is a fit. Think of it this way: Even if you’re the perfect fit, that’s what the rest of the interview is to demonstrate. This is the time when you get to demonstrate your enthusiasm about the work you’re about to do. Actually wanting to do a certain job counts for a lot.
- “Why our company?”
This is one of the most common job interview questions. If you’re interviewing for a role that might be relatively ‘standard’ across many other companies, it’s actually a very good question — so it's a good idea to have a ready answer. It also is a test to see how much you understand about the larger context and employer, itself.
Think about the interviewer's perspective and about the company goals. This is a time to show that you understand the company’s mission, its values or something about its culture. Remember, you want to make the interviewer feel good about where he or she works and make them believe you really want to join them.
- “Why are you leaving your current job?”
Not sure of how to answer this question? Remember that this isn’t a time for a job-seeker to bad-mouth your boss or previous employer. Doing so will be a red flag and create a problem that could hurt you as early on as during the phone interview.
What this question is really getting at is why you are looking for a new job at the place you’re interviewing. So even though it’s not phrased that way, respond by talking about how appealing this specific opportunity is to you. As tempting as it may be to vent, don’t spend any time dwelling on the things that make you sound unhappy or unsatisfied at your current company.
- “Why are you currently unemployed?”
Ok, we admit it’s unlikely the interviewer will put the point so bluntly. Typically, this question is asked in the following way: “Tell me about why you left your [insert name of last job].” What they really want to ask is: “Were you fired and if so, why?” People are reorganized and fired all the time for reasons that have nothing to do with their individual performance. On the other hand, some people are fired for cause as well. Whichever category you fall into, be sure to spin the best story possible without being defensive. The more casual and confident you can be in your answer, the easier it will be for your interviewer to conclude what you want them to: “Ok, no big deal.”
- “You seem to change jobs frequently.”
Average job tenure is growing shorter and shorter but that doesn’t mean hiring managers don’t get worried when they see someone that can’t hold a job down without changing every year or two. It’s a big investment of time and money to hire someone new and they want to make sure that you are not fickle or immature about your choices. If you can provide context about inevitable job changes that weren’t your fault (e.g. you had to move across the country to be with your spouse, the company closed down), that will put the interviewer at ease.
- “What did you do in the years that are missing from your resume?
If you’re someone who has taken time out of the workforce, research suggests that you be up-front about it.According to one study, female job applicants returning to the workforce after a long absence were more likely to get hired if they provided a reason for the employment gap on their resume, even if that reason was taking care of children. Intuitively, honesty is the best policy and it can be awkward (or even illegal) for a prospective employer to ask you about your family situation. So being forthright about your situation will make everyone feel better.
- “What do you think are your strengths?”
This is a very common interview question and you should answer in a way that reinforces your work experience and your long-term career goals. You may be an amazing frisbee player, a superb cook and a talented computer programmer. But this is the time to talk about your greatest strength in the workplace — so take some tome to think about your professional strengths.
Ideally you have picked 2-3 things and a sample answer you really believe make you stand out as an employee for this particular job or company This is the kind of question that is often used during a screening or phone interview. The more specific you can be about examples demonstrating these strengths, the better. It’s much more compelling, for example, to say that you are “usually the colleague in the room that brings everyone together when there are disagreements over strategy or business plans” rather than a more generic statement about being “a good team player.”
Always come prepared to discuss both a strength and weakness. "What is your greatest weakness?" is often one of the most dreaded questions of an interview because, quite frankly, we all believe that we cannot really be honest in answering. To address this question, be brief and be comfortable with silence. You should certainly brainstorm examples of weaknesses (yes — there are some good weaknesses for interviews, especially when they’re fairly honest and you can describe how you’re improving).
In other words, whatever you say, don’t say more than you have to, and remember that you don't have to literally share what you believe to be your greatest weakness. Typically this means choosing a single weakness and one that isn’t very serious (e.g. “I can be a little too aggressive in setting goals” or “I can be very impatient when I’m working on a project I really believe in”) and too central to the job description you’re interested in.
- “Do you have a work ‘style’?”
First, consider what your work style really is. And then consider whether that style is suited for the job and company culture you’re interested in. If you’re an extreme extrovert but the job requires hours of independent, fairly isolated work, you will have a much harder time answering this question than someone whose work style does in fact match the job. This question is really getting at whether your personality is a fit for the role and the company so try to answer accordingly.
- “How would your colleagues describe you?’
This question is a combination of a personality-fit and work-style question wrapped up in one. It’s also an opportunity to showcase your interpersonal strengths if you have them and reflect on the way you add to the team in your current job. If you have a brief anecdote about how you were the leader in a time of crisis or pulled the team together during a stressful project, now is the time to tell it.
- “Tell me about a time when you disagreed with a coworker. How did you handle it?”
Be ready to have anecdotes about your experiences for these kinds of situational interview questions. They don’t have to be about the most interesting days you’ve had at work; instead, think of situations that have highlighted the fact that you’re mature and capable of working with a variety of people, even if you don’t always see eye-to-eye.
- “If I called your previous boss/manger, why would they tell me I should hire you?”
If you think about this in advance, it’s probably easy to come up with an honest answer. What would your boss say about you? And why? Think of an anecdote that will indicate why you’re a pleasure to work with, are a team player and have the right skills for this position.
- “Do you prefer working independently or on a team?”
This is a common question when a hiring manager wants to assess whether you will be a good fit, culturally. Be as honest as possible when you respond to this, but make sure it’s clear you’re comfortable working collaboratively and on your own. Companies want to hire people who are fun and easy to work with -- but also those who can manage whatever they need to on their own.
- “How do you deal with pressure and stress?”
The short answer you want to give is: “Well.” While you probably don't want to literally say that, the idea is to convey competence to deal with difficulty and hopefully pressure is not a problem for you. Frankly, this question tends to come with high-pressure, stressful jobs or companies and they want to know whether you’ll be able to handle tough situations. Hopefully you have self-selected into this kind of job and applied to the company and role with your eyes open about those realities and believe you can thrive in an environment that demands a lot of you.
- “Tell me about a challenge you faced and how you dealt with it.”
We have all faced challenges and overcome them, so which one do you choose to highlight for the interview? Well, ideally it is something you are proud of (which by definition means it was a significant challenge). Moreover, it should be within the professional context if possible. While it’s fine to say that you were able to climb Mt. Everest or won a medal at the Olympics, most of us will provide a great answer if we can talk about a workplace or business challenge we helped a team or company overcome.
- “When you’re working on multiple projects, how do you keep yourself organized and on track?”
Employers want to know that you stay on top of things. Be ready to explain how you manage your current responsibilities -- whether in a detailed calendar or to-do list or through some kind of organizational service or app.
- “Are you comfortable traveling for work?”
Here, you should be honest. If the job requires you to be on a plane once a week (or even a month) and that’s just not going to work for you, it’s better to figure that out sooner rather than later. There’s no point in pretending you’re cool with spending half your nights in a hotel room if that’s just not going to fly with your family situation (or if you’re just plain not interested).
- “What are you expecting in terms of salary?”
We believe that anchoring your salary expectations to your prior salary is the surest way to get very incremental pay raises. Ideally, you’ve done your compensation research and understand the salary possibilities for the role. If not, and you must anchor your salary expectations to what you have previously earned, don’t frame the expectations that way. Simply state the number you believe you should receive for the role (and make sure it’s more than what you would settle for, just in case it sets an anchor figure for future pay negotiation).
- “What other positions are you looking at?”
We believe it’s best not to name names. Nobody really wants to hear that you’re interested or applying to their competitors and saying that may turn some hiring managers off. On the other hand, if you say you are not looking at any other position, it might seem far-fetched or make you look like you’re not aware of your market worth and ability to get a job elsewhere. The best answer here is something along the lines of “Similar roles at companies in this industry where I think I can make a real difference.”
There’s no one-size “best” answer to something that’s so personal but we think sticking with a brief vision statement about where you want to grow your career is great. It demonstrates ambition to say that you want to be managing a division (or a larger division, or even a CEO), and intrinsic self-motivation that every employer wants to see in a prospective employee.
- “What do you like to do outside work?”
If you’re worried about standing out from the crowd and have an unusual hobby or pastime (singing in a punk rock band, for example) talking about this briefly can make you memorable or round out an otherwise very professional conversation. However, if you’re not very active outside of work, it’s also ok to talk about your friends and family and the things that make you seem like a whole, well-rounded human being.
- “What was your biggest accomplishment at your last job?”
You know why you’re good at your job, but make sure you have a specific accomplishment you can point to. Interviewers like details, so have an anecdote ready that shows how you oversaw a successful project from start to finish.
- “Why do you think you can help this company grow?”
Beyond perusing your prospective employer’s website, think about how you, specifically, can contribute to their mission.
- “What are you reading?”
This might seem random, but trust us, you’ll probably be asked this question at least once or twice during an interview. Employers want to know that you’re intellectually curious, and this question will give them a window into your particular interests.
If you’re binge-watching 3 shows on Netflix and haven’t opened a book in a month, you’re not alone -- but make sure you think about the last book you’ve read, or one of your favorites.
- “How do you read the news?”
Again, no matter what job you’re interviewing for, it’s important to convey that you’re intellectually curious and well-informed about what’s going on in the world. Have a couple of your favorite news outlets in mind so that you’re not scrambling to come up with something if asked.
- “Is there anything else we should know about you/why you’re the right person for this job?”
This is actually one of the more common questions interviewers ask, even though it’s somewhat casual and may seem unnecessary — especially if you’ve already spent a good amount of time with multiple interviewers. But just in case this is thrown in at the end...have an answer in mind. It can be simple; after all, you’ve likely already discussed a lot. But prepare a brief, conclusive pitch about how you’re motivated and capable because your past experiences have prepared you well for the tasks at hand.
- “Tell me about someone you admire and why.”
There are many types of interviewers, and those who really want to get a good sense of who you are might ask this question. This is often a question people ask to get a sense of what your values and aspirations are. There’s certainly no wrong answer -- you can name someone personal or a celebrity -- but being authentic here matters because there’s no point in trying to guess what someone thinks the right answer is. Your reasoning is also probably more important than the name of any individual.
- “What would your first 30, 60 or 90 days look like in this job”?
This may seem like an unreasonable question, but if you think about it from the employer’s perspective, they are trying to hire someone to fill a gap or hole in their team. They have real, usually time-pressing needs and they want to see at least improvements in the issues they’re facing when they hire you. Therefore, be prepared to talk about what you think you will accomplish in a 1 to 3 month horizon. Ideally this is based on a clear understanding of what the job entails and what the company’s challenges are.
- “Do you have any other questions for me?”
Having questions for interviewers is a must; this question and answer exchange is pretty typical at the end of the interview. No matter how tough or breezy the interview may have been, it’s common advice that you should always ask a question at the end of the interview. And generally, we think you should take the chance to show that you're thoughtful, and ask a question that illustrates your insight and curiosity. However, don't force a square peg into a round hole and ask a question only because you feel like you have to.
If you’ve been sitting with the interviewer for over an hour and been having a very in-depth conversation about the business, it’s ok to skip the question and simply reiterate that you’re even more interested in the job after the interview and believe you’re a great fit for the role. However, if you do have one or two questions that you haven’t been able to squeeze in, now is a good time to ask if those questions. An open-ended question about company culture that is thought-provoking is always a good idea if you have one.
Remember, job interviews aren’t a time to try to wing answers to questions that you know there’s a high probability of being asked. Committing several of these questions to memory and rehearsing for these job interview questions and answers will go a long way to making you feel — and sound — more confident!
Finally, don’t forget to send a job interview thank you letter -- even if it’s just a quick thank you email after an interview. Following up is key!
Photo credit: © Masson / Adobe Stock
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