Maternity leave

Maternity and Paternity Leave By Company
Name Industry Paid
(weeks)

Maternity Leave

Unpaid
(weeks)

Paternity Leave

Paid
(weeks)
Unpaid
(weeks)
Netflix Technology: Consumer Internet 52 0 52 0
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Philanthropy 52 N/A 52 2
Army (British) Government: Federal 39 13 2 N/A
Automattic, Inc. Technology: Consumer Internet 32 0 N/A N/A
Etsy Technology: Consumer Internet 26 N/A 26 N/A
Spotify Technology: Consumer Internet 26 N/A 26 N/A
Overview
  • Maternity Leave Products & Services

    What products and services help you and employers through maternity leave? We've compiled a list of them below. If you know of any resources we're missing or would like to promote your product or service, please drop us a line. Books and Articles Max Your Maternity Leave is an e-Book that helps women negotiate for more time off than their employer's plan involves. Maternity Leave: Practice & Policy provides an overview of the topic by touching on many aspects of maternity leave policies and practices. It is filled with interviews, facts, research and a legislative history of the topic. Working and Breastfeeding Made Simple provides guidance to mothers who plan on breastfeeding after returning to work. Here's the Plan: Your Practical, Tactical Guide to Advancing Your Career During Pregnancy and Parenthood provides a roadmap for working moms steering their careers throughout the parenting years. The first chapter is dedicated to planning and navigating family/maternity leave. Small Business Maternity Leave Policies and Laws provides an overview of what small businesses need to know on a state-by-state basis, as well as maternity leave sample policies and templates. Services Mindful Return offers a 4-week e-course to help women return to work after maternity leave with more confidence. Talking Talent has coached over 10,000 women and their managers through the maternity leave process since 2005. Milk Stork helps make it easier to continue breastfeeding after maternity leave by providing a breast milk delivery service for moms who travel for work (or pleasure). Leave Logic allows employees to self-service their parental leave benefits, and helps employers more efficiently process claims related to maternity and medical leave. Mamava designs and sells nursing pods that enable women to privately nurse or pump on-the-go. No more bathrooms! New Mom Dream Team provides a series of curated, educational online videos about every aspect (emotional, physical, and psychological) of post-partum life so that women can find information and support at a sensitive and life-altering time. Milk Your Benefits consults with expectant parents who want to maximize their maternity and paternity leaves in the state of California. Simply describe your goals and provide the necessary benefit information so that Lauren Wallenstein can create your personalized leave strategy, leaving no time or income on the table. Consultations are done by phone with clients throughout the state of California. Mom-Mentum is a non-profit that provides leadership, education, and advocacy to support mothers in meeting today's personal and professional challenges. This includes peer and group support, training through seminars and workshops, and professional development. Fairygodboss is committed to improving the workplace and lives of women. Join us by reviewing your employer!

  • FMLA (The Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993)

    FMLA is the most important (and only) piece of federal law that protects certain qualifying workers from losing their jobs while they take parental leave in the U.S. on an unpaid basis. To qualify, an employee must: Work for an employer with over 50 employees across it's work sites within a 75 mile radius Have been employed for 12 months and clocked 1,250 hours in the prior year The National Partnership for Women and Families has provided an excellent guide with detailed answers to frequently asked questions about who qualifies for FMLA and which employers are covered. The infographic below by a Presigia, a HR software company explains that the law has protected over 50 million Americans since 1993 with up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave. The U.S. Department of Labor administers FMLA and provides forms that employees, healthcare providers and employers fill out to document and initiate the leave process. One important fact about using FMLA is that 78% of those who need it do not take leave because they cannot afford to take unpaid leave. In addition to FMLA, certain states expand the rights individual employees may have either in the form of more relaxed qualifying rules, more unpaid leave time, paid parental leave time (e.g. California, New Jersey and Rhode Island), or short-term (temporary) disability insurance programs that cover the inability to work during pregnancy (e.g California, Hawaii, New York, New Jersey and Rhode Island). See more about state maternity leave laws that may provide certain leave rights. See more about other federal laws that protect pregnant and breastfeeding women at work. Fairygodboss is committed to improving the workplace and lives of women. Join us by reviewing your employer!

  • PDA (The Pregnancy Discrimination Act)

    Unfortunately, discrimination against pregnant women is still an issue and you should know your basic rights and protections. The EEOC (Equal Employment Opportunity Commission)’s latest guidance (updated summer of 2014) lays out the ways in which pregnant employees are protected against discriminatory behavior and retaliation in the workplace. According to Vox 's analysis of EEOC data, it seems that the incidence of pregnancy discrimination has been rising in recent years. How often claimants benefit from pregnancy discrimination complaints Number of "merit resolutions" in pregnancy discrimination claims - findings in favor of complaining parties and /or that their claims have merit FLSA (Fair Labor Standards Act) This law was updated in 2010 to protect nursing mothers. Nursing moms have the right to express breast milk at work for reasonable periods of time and in a private, non-bathroom facility under the FLSA. These protections apply if an employer has at least 50 employees. One recent survey of approximately 500 women in the San Francisco Bay Area found that a majority of employers were supportive of breastfeeding. However, the main conflicts with work and pumping breast-milk came down to time and a proper location. Taken together, FMLA, PDA and FLSA prove to be pretty dense reading material so if you prefer to read a primer, or even watch a video containing some practical advice about what to do if you think you’re facing discrimination at work, check out this article which contains both. Read more about federal maternity leave laws and state maternity leave laws. Fairygodboss is committed to improving the workplace and lives of women. Join us by reviewing your employer!

  • International Information

    How Much Leave Do New Parents Get? Courtesy of our friends at ThinkProgress, there is greater public awareness that the United States is one of 2 other countries that are members of the 185-member OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) that do not offer any form of pay during maternity leave. In not offering any paid leave for American mothers, the U.S. keeps company with Oman and Papua New Guinea. Their two info-graphics and great article compare national policies: This infographic shows the maternity leave policies of 39 major countries, including information about how much of the leave is paid, versus partially paid or completely unpaid. For further information including paternity leave by country, you can visit GetVoIP's blog post about parental leave. Who Pays for the Benefit? According to this report by the International Labor Organization, of the countries offering nationally mandated paid maternity benefits, 58% offer payments via national security schemes (i.e. schemes where employees pay into the system in order to reap the benefits), 45% do so via employer payments, and 16% do so via a joint social security and employer benefit scheme. In the United States, where three states offer some form of maternity leave payment, funds are provided via employee payroll deductions. See what employers offer and how they compare in terms of their parental and maternity leave policies. Fairygodboss is committed to improving the workplace and lives of women. Join us by reviewing your employer!

  • Maternity Leave Facts and Figures for the U.S.

    Welcome to our collection of the best content we could find about maternity leave! We've mainly focused on aggregating publicly available data — using official statistics and primary sources. We've also collected some great academic papers, non-profit research and in-depth articles we think provide important information about parental and maternity leave. Please let us know if we’re missing any great resources on the topic and we'll add them! United States Resources According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 12 % of civilian employees had access to paid family leave in 2013. This table breaks down who gets paid family leave, and who doesn’t. (The reason that some totals are greater than 100% is that some workers have access to both paid and unpaid leave). To provide historical perspective, this chart by the U.S. Department of Labor (courtesy of Forbes ) shows shows a few things have changed in the last 50 years for first-time mothers working outside the home: Working moms work later into their pregnancies (1 month or less before giving birth) Working moms return to work sooner after giving birth Working moms have more access to more maternity leave (paid, unpaid, or some combination) Working moms have more access to paid and unpaid leave thanks in part to federal legislation, called the Family Medical Leave Act (or FMLA). For more about the FMLA and other laws, click here To see how the U.S. compares to other countries (hint: very poorly), see our research on International Parental Leave Fairygodboss is committed to improving the workplace and lives of women. Join us by reviewing your employer!

Maternity Leave Guides
  • How To Create A Maternity Leave Plan

    You may be wondering what a maternity leave plan is. Simply put, it’s a document that includes what you will be doing before, during and after your maternity leave. It is not legally required and may not be something anyone at work tells you to do, but creating a maternity leave plan that you can share may be a smart career move. Why You Need a Maternity Leave Plan It may not be obvious why you need a plan, but if you consider the fact that you may be gone for a substantial amount of time from your employer, it makes sense to think about how to prepare your team, colleagues and employer for your departure and return from maternity leave. For those of you lucky enough to work at an employer where extended leave is part of the policy, you may be away from work for several months. A plan can help you in the following ways: 1. Help you organize yourself. First and foremost, your maternity leave plan is for yourself. You should look at your due date and when that falls relative to your work projects and deadlines. Whatever you can anticipate now will save you stress and unnecessary anxiety, particularly if you have an earlier-than-expected birth. When do you expect to start your leave? Who will cover for you, and how? How much do you plan on staying in touch with your team? These are the details to outline, and they are important for you to think through whether or not anyone asks you to share your plan. 2. Impress your managers and colleagues. One of the reasons that a maternity leave plan can be so impressive is that not everyone will create one. By listing the information everyone could possibly want to know surrounding your departure and return, you’ve saved yourself a lot of awkward questions and provided a single point of reference for anyone interested in how you plan on staying in touch (if at all) and who will be covering for the various aspects of your job. 3. Provide a list of tactical and practical information to those stepping in to cover for you. Put yourself in your boss’ and co-workers’ shoes. If one of them were to leave the company for 8-12 weeks, what would you want to know? If someone needs to contact you for emergencies, how should they reach you? Will you plan on regular phone conversations if you’re a manager? Do you plan on delegating all your work in advance to others, and if there is more than one person covering for you, who is responsible for what issues? Consider this document a navigational tool for others in your absence. 4. Set your colleagues' and boss’ expectations. Many times, managers and colleagues feel awkward asking how much you plan on accomplishing before your leave, and even how long you plan on being away. This is because nobody wants to make open assumptions about how long your leave will be or put pressure on you to do more than you can. One of the benefits of creating a plan is to set these expectations long before they become an issue. Part 1 of Your Maternity Leave Plan: Before Your Departure We suggest starting with your due date (and sharing it) in the document. To create the initial part of your maternity leave plan, plan on working backwards for roughly 2 months prior. Set a schedule of what projects and tasks you plan on accomplishing before you leave. Don’t be shy about bragging about the achievements you plan on making during the period before you leave. This document is, in many ways, proof that you’re not leaving anyone in the lurch. Part 2 of Your Maternity Leave Plan: The Time During Your Leave Create a list of all your ongoing responsibilities that cannot be completed prior to your leave. If you have direct reports, assign them some portion of your tasks. Notify them, and set up a time to talk about their additional duties and then detail your mutual understanding in your maternity leave plan. Get your manager’s approval, if necessary, and then explain that this is a way for you to assess your direct reports’ ability to grow into new areas. This should be something they consider a career opportunity. If there isn’t anyone who can cover for you, you may need to be explicit about that and ask for help from your manager or HR department with respect to hiring a temporary replacement. Your employer will appreciate that you were proactive in anticipating their needs rather than simply walking out and announcing that nobody is around who can do your job. If you give them time, they may be able to hire someone on a temporary or contract basis. You can even volunteer to help select that person by interviewing them and training them. State how long you plan to take for maternity leave. We understand that feelings and situations may change. Premature births happen, as do situations where moms feel like they need to return to work early due to exceptional circumstances at work. But if you don’t state your expected duration, you’re creating unnecessary uncertainty. Plans are not written in stone, and they are there to help everyone understand your intentions. Part of what you should anticipate is whether you will have to (or want to) do any work while you’re out on leave. If you’re a manager, you may want weekly email or phone check-ins with your team. Or maybe you want to keep in touch with your boss, but only after the first month you’re away or the two weeks before your return so you can catch up. Be clear with everyone what you want in terms of contact and when you want to be contacted. Whatever you say is fine, but the clarity will be much appreciated. Part 3 of Your Maternity Leave Plan: Your Return From Leave If you plan on phasing back your return from work as opposed to coming back on a full schedule, you should negotiate that and present this as part of plan separately with your manager. You may want to start by coming back “early” but working part-time or remotely initially just to get back into the swing of things. If you plan on asking for a different schedule after you have a baby, don’t try to sneak it into this document and simply hand this paper over to your boss. Have a conversation with your manager about that and make that the focal point of your discussion about your maternity leave plan. Addressing how you will do your work under a new schedule and presenting it in terms of a business case and your employer’s point of view are important. Negotiating for more job flexibility when you return from maternity leave is something to do quite carefully in order to maximize your chances of success. If you plan on working full-time but limiting or changing your travel plans upon your return, this is something to bring up before you take maternity leave. Also, you may want to think about whether you want to breastfeed, as this can require time during your day and impact your travel. It’s completely possible to travel and pump, but it requires some planning, and some employers even offer reimbursement or services that facilitate the shipping of breastmilk. In sum, a maternity leave document is something you should present to your manager in order to help both yourself as well as as your boss and colleagues. Once approved, your plan (or a condensed version of it) should be shared with relevant colleagues and co-workers so that they know what you’re planning on doing before, during and after your return. While this isn’t a plan that’s written in stone, it will help you get organized and impress your coworkers. This document may not make sense for everyone, but depending on your length of leave and type of job, it can help smooth the transition away from the office and provide tactical and logistical details that will make you and everyone else feel much better about your time away. Peace of mind during maternity leave is priceless, so it’s worth front-loading some thought and planning before your baby arrives! Fairygodboss is committed to improving the workplace and lives of women. Share us with women you respect!

  • Oregon Maternity and Paternity Leave

    Oregon is one of the more progressive states in the country when it comes to maternity leave. Although it is not one of the states offering any pay during maternity leave , you can theoretically receive up to 24 weeks of unpaid, job-protected time off if you qualify (though most women will probably qualify for a maximum of 20 weeks of unpaid time off). Special Note on Portland, OR City and Multnomah County Employees Starting in January 2016, Portland city employees of both genders are eligible for six weeks of fully paid time off after the birth, adoption or guardianship of a foster child. In mid 2015, a similar law was passed for Multnomah employees. In both cases, the leave must be taken continuously at some point during the first 12 month’s of the child’s arrival. To be eligible for this leave, employees must have been working for the government for 6 months prior to the leave. How Much Maternity Leave Do I Get? Two different laws cover your maternity leave: FMLA (a federal law) and OFLA (the Oregon Family Leave Act). Under FMLA, parents are entitled to up to 12 weeks of job-protected, unpaid maternity and paternity leave (the law is gender neutral) to care and bond for a newborn or newly adopted child. However, only certain employees are eligible and there are certain criteria you must meet such as having worked for at least 1,250 hours at a company which employs at least 50 employees within 75 miles of your work site. Under an OFLA you are potentially allowed to take even more time off (up to 24 weeks). Two provisions of OFLA provide for additional time off: (1) Up to 12 weeks of leave under “Pregnancy disability” time off and (2) up to 12 weeks of leave under the Parental leave provisions What If I Qualify for Both FMLA and OFLA? Unfortunately it doesn’t mean that you are entitled to 12+12+12 weeks off. First of all, FMLA and OFLA leave run concurrently if you qualify for both. Moreover, typically under the pregnancy disability provisions, you will need a doctor to certify that you are unable to work due to a pregnancy related disability for 12 weeks and most healthy women going through a normal, healthy pregnancy and delivery will not receive that sort of recommendation. While everyone’s situation is different, in all likelihood, your parental leave under OFLA and FMLA would run concurrently, giving you 12 weeks of parental leave plus any additional time your doctor certifies you are unable to work due to your pregnancy or post-partum recovery needs. What Is Pregnancy Disability Under OFLA? Pregnancy disability is considered any time when you are disabled from your pregnancy, prenatal care or birth of a child and therefore unable to work. This is medically prescribed time off (e.g. bed-rest under doctor’s orders) or post-partum recovery which is customarily limited to 6-8 weeks after birth depending on whether you delivered vaginally or via C-section. Theoretically, the upper limit on pregnancy disability under OFLA is 12 weeks so if for some reason you needed 6 weeks of bed-rest and then delivered vaginally, you could be entitled to 12 weeks of unpaid leave under this set of OFLA provisions. How Much Maternity Leave Do I Get Under the Parental Leave Provisions of OFLA? Parental leave may be taken for up to 12 weeks in addition to pregnancy disability leave in the same leave year. In other words, if you qualify for OFLA, you can use 6-8 weeks of pregnancy disability leave, followed by 12 weeks of parental leave. Parental leave can be used for the adoption of a child or to take care of a child who becomes incapacitated so it is more broadly applicable than just to the birth of a child. How Do I Apply for OFLA? To get time off under the pregnancy disability provisions of OFLA, you must receive medical certification and follow the forms your employer provides. You must provide notice to your employer (at least 30 days) where you can though in an emergency situation, you must simply give leave notice to your employer within 24 hours of the emergency. Do I Qualify for OFLA? To qualify for OFLA, you must have been employed for 180 calendar days prior to your leave and have worked for at least 25 hours per week on average during this period to qualify for pregnancy disability leave. However, to qualify for parental leave under OFLA, you simply must have been employed for 180 days prior to your leave regardless of how many hours you worked during that period of time. Your employer must employ at least 25 employees within the state of Oregon. Do I Get Paid During My Maternity Leave? Unfortunately, no. Unless your employer voluntarily provides paid maternity leave or offers short-term disability insurance for employees, your leave period will be unpaid. Neither FMLA nor OFLA guarantees any paid time off. You may take out short-term disability insurance benefits to cover your time off if you do so before conception, and follow these tips to manage an unpaid maternity leave . What About Paternity Leave in Oregon? FMLA is a gender-neutral law, and Parental Leave under OFLA is something men and women both qualify for. However, pregnancy disability leave only applies to pregnant women. What Other Rights Do I Have? Under both FMLA and OFLA, you have the right to be returned to the same or similar position (if your job role has been eliminated while you were on leave) when you return from leave. Under FMLA, you are entitled to continue to receive group health benefits on the same terms as you would have received them if you were not on leave. Under OFLA, you must receive the same benefits as those employees who are absent from work for other reasons (e.g. a sabbatical, paid time off, etc). If those employees would have continued to receive seniority and vacation accrual during their time off, you would also be entitled to those benefits. What If I Believe My Rights Are Being Violated? If you find your employer is not aware of your rights, you can print out this 2016 OFLA poster to show your employer the rules. If that doesn’t resolve your issue, you may make a complaint to the Oregon Bureau of Labor & Industries Civil Rights Division.   Fairygodboss is committed to improving the workplace and lives of women.  Share us with women you respect!  

  • Maternity Leave in Iowa: Frequently Asked Questions and Answers

    Do I Receive Maternity Leave in Iowa? For women who are employees in the state of Iowa, there is no paid maternity leave required by law, per se. Your employer, of course, may voluntarily choose to offer this benefit. However, you are entitled to the same federal protections for up to 12 weeks of job-protected unpaid time off under a federal law called the Family Medical Leave Act (FMLA), if you are eligible (see more below). If you don’t qualify for FMLA, you may also be entitled to up to 8 weeks of unpaid time off under Iowa state’s anti-discrimination law (Chapter 216 of the Iowa Code) for pregnancy disability if you qualify for that. However, it is not clear whether your employer must allow you to return to your job after the leave period is over. Am I Eligible for FMLA? FMLA requires employers provide eligible employees with 12 weeks of job-protected, unpaid leave in the year after the birth or adoption of a child. It is gender neutral but in order to qualify, you must meet certain requirements. We have previously summarized what you need to know about FMLA laws and FMLA forms here . Am I Eligible for Pregnancy Disability Leave Under Iowa State Law? Iowa law prohibits employers with four or more employees from denying a woman’s request for up to 8 weeks of unpaid leave to address a physical disability due to pregnancy, childbirth or related medical conditions. Leave must be granted by an employer regardless of your tenure on the job (i.e. there is not requirement that you have worked a previous amount of time), or hours previously worked. However, your employer must employ at least four or more employees. These rules make it easier to qualify for unpaid leave due to pregnancy and childbirth if you are a new employee or work at a small company that doesn’t fall within the FMLA rules. What Is The Process for Applying for Unpaid Leave Under Iowa State Law? You must request your employer grant you leave and have a medical doctor request such accommodation. Your employer may require that a medical certification be provided to them. If an employer uses any other procedure to screen other employees’ ability to work (e.g. regarding their inability to work due to a a sickness or disability), then an employer may have the same process for those seeking pregnancy disability leave. So I Will Not Receive Any Pay During This Time off? Unfortunately, unless your employer voluntarily covers your salary during your leave or you have privately taken out short-term disability insurance prior to conception, your leave is unpaid. Consider these tips to cope with an unpaid maternity leave . What Other Rights Do I Have Under Iowa’s Pregnancy Discrimination Law? Pregnancy is regarded as a temporary disability under Iowa law and must be treated the same way as other disabilities under any employer’s policies. Reasonable accommodations must be provided to allow pregnant employees to perform their job. Moreover, an employer cannot fire you or refuse to hire you because you are pregnant so long as you are able to perform the major functions of your job. What If I Work for the Government? In Iowa, state workers may take advantage of the same pregnancy disability leave provisions under the anti-discrimination laws such that you may request up to 8 weeks of unpaid pregnancy disability leave. You face the same tenure, employer size and hours requirements but there is no guarantee that you will be able to return to the same job you had prior to taking your leave. Where Can I Find More Information About Pregnancy Disability Leave? The Iowa Department of Human Rights has put together a fact sheet providing further details about pregnancy discrimination and your rights under the Iowa state law as well as FMLA. What Happens To My Benefits While I’m Out On Leave? Under Iowa state law, health insurance provided by an employer must cover expenses for conditions related to pregnancy on the same basis as other medical conditions. When you are actually on leave, you must be treated in the same manner as other temporarily disabled employees when it comes to the accrual and payout of benefits such as healthcare, seniority, pay increases and vacation accrual. What If My Spouse / Partner Works at the Same Employer As Me? The maximum amount of time for both spouses to take on a combined basis is the same as for one individual, so under federal FMLA that would be 12 weeks of unpaid time shared between the couple. Iowa’s pregnancy disability leave only applies to a pregnant worker, so it would not apply to partners or spouses. Technically it does not apply to adoptive parents, nor those having a child through adoption or surrogacy. Can My Employer Make Me Use My Vacation Days and Paid Time Off During My Leave? There is no law requiring or forbidding this but many employers can and do require employees exhaust their paid time off and vacation or sick days before using their unpaid leave allowance. So long as your employer treats your unpaid leave on the same terms as any unpaid leave taken by others with a temporary disability, they are complying with Iowa state law. What If I Qualify for Both FMLA and Leave Under Iowa State Law? Unfortunately, these leave periods run concurrently which means you will receive a maximum of 12 weeks of unpaid leave (not 8 weeks + 12 weeks). What If I Believe My Rights Have Been Violated? You can report any suspected violations to the Iowa Civil Rights Commission .   Fairygodboss is committed to improving the workplace and lives of women.  Share us with women you respect!

  • Short Term Disability and Maternity Leave: Frequently Asked Questions

    What is Short-Term Disability? Short term disability is an insurance term describing any condition that causes you to be unable to work for a short period of time. One of the confusing things is the term itself, which conjures up some sort of accident or workplace incident that prevents an employee from being able to work. However, the reality is that maternity leave and having a baby is one of the most common causes of short-term disability as invoked under short-term disability insurance policies. How Do I Get Short-Term Disability Coverage During my Pregnancy or Maternity Leave? There are three ways to get short-term disability coverage. First, some employers offer short-term disability benefits to all employees which is a taxable benefit to the employee. The employer administers the plan and makes it available to all employees, whether it is needed or not and it is not customizable to individual employees. Second, some employers offer an optional plan available to employees that is administered by a third-party insurance company. In this case, some portion of the benefit payments may be shared by the employer but you must talk to your benefits administrator or HR department to be sure. It’s important to note that these policies must typically be elected before your disability arises (e.g. before you become pregnant) so this requires some planning and foresight. Finally, individuals can always take out their own short-term disability policy, just as you might pay for your own healthcare, life insurance or any other kind of insurance policy. There are many commercial vendors for short term disability insurance and each policy is different, so be sure to read the fine print. Typically, the same rule of purchasing into this benefit before you become pregnant applies. Whichever way you receive short-term disability coverage, it’s important to understand that your company is not the organization that determines whether you are eligible for the benefits — the insurance carrier is who makes that decision. How Much Does Short-Term Disability Cover? Every plan differs but be aware that many plans core less than your full salary while you are using short-term disability coverage. For example, many short-term disability plans that cover pregnancy and the postpartum period only cover 2/3 of your regular salary and may last only 6-8 weeks (depending on whether you deliver your baby naturally or via Caesarean section). Is My Job Protected While I’m Out On Short-Term Disability? Short-term disability payments are a financial payment and are not related to whether an employer is required to keep your job. FMLA is the federal law requiring that employers offer up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave for qualifying employees (typically those who have worked at least for one year at an employer with more than 50 employers within 75 miles of your workplace). Certain states also offer maternity leave and pregnancy benefits and protections for private sector employees that you need to understand may offer you some payment or additional benefits. When Does Your Disability Period Begin? Typically your disability begins on the day you have a baby. However, in some cases, your pregnancy may cause you to be unable to work and in those cases, your disability can begin during before childbirth if your medical provider document this. In either case, many insurance policies require a waiting period (often called an “elimination period”) in which you will not receive any short-term disability benefit payments. This period is usually specified in your short-term disability plan. How Does Short Term Disability Work If I Also Qualify for FMLA? If you qualify for FMLA, most employers will require that you take your FMLA leave concurrently with your short-term disability period. In other words, if you are not working for 6-8 weeks after the birth of your baby and you are covered by short-term disability insurance, you will receive benefits during that time and then another 6-4 weeks of unpaid leave under FMLA (depending on whether your short-term disability coverage lasted 6 or 8 weeks). How Does Other Paid Time Off, Vacation Days and Holiday Time Work With Short-Term Disability and FMLA Leave? Some companies allow you to use your sick, vacation days and paid time off towards maternity leave. However, this is up to each employer and some even require that you use all of these days before your short-term disability period or FMLA leave time begins. How Do I Apply for Short Term Disability Benefits and FMLA Leave? Each process requires its own application. You must tell your employer that you are taking FMLA leave and ask for their forms and processes. For short-term disability, you either have to notify your employer if short-term disability is an employer-provided benefit, or your insurance carrier, if you have privately paid for short term disability insurance. Can I Receive Unemployment Compensation If I Receive Unpaid Leave or FMLA? In some cases, you may be able to qualify for your state’s unemployment benefits during the time you are on unpaid leave. Each state has different requirements for qualifying for unemployment benefits but usually if you are suffering a loss in earnings and cannot perform your regular job but are able to perform other types of work (e.g. you are typically working in a physically laborious situation but can still do computer or desk work after the birth of your child), you may be able to qualify for certain state unemployment benefits for a portion of your normal salary. What Happens to My Benefits While I’m Out on FMLA or Disability Leave? If you qualify for FMLA leave, your employer is required to main your group health insurance coverage on the same terms as you had before you took the leave. For example, if you previously paid for a portion of your premium payments, you must continue to pay them during the time you are not working in order to maintain your healthcare benefits. However, there are some benefits which an employer does not need to accrue during your FMLA leave, such as your seniority benefits or other insurance benefits. If you do not qualify for FMLA and are taking leave under your short-term disability policy, your employer may not be required to maintain your benefits during your leave period and this must be something you agree and discuss with your employer. Fairygodboss is committed to improving the workplace and lives of women.  Join us by reviewing your employer!

  • 11 Tips On How To Survive An Unpaid Maternity Leave

    Most civilian employees (88%) have no access to paid maternity leave or paid paternity leave in America. Though a federal law, FMLA guarantees up to 12 weeks of unpaid time off, you may not qualify if you work for a small employer or have been at that employer less than one year. Moreover, FMLA is unpaid leave . If you’ve realized that you’re one of the millions of women without access to pay during your maternity leave and your employer offers nothing while you’re away from work, you may need to start planning now for your upcoming financial situation. If you’re currently pregnant, this means you have less than a year to start planning on how to maximize your time away from work after having a baby. 1. Find out what your maternity leave right s are by investigating your company’s maternity leave policies and the state laws on leave where you work. If you are lucky and work in one of the few states that offer some paid family leave, you may qualify for some funding through the state’s short term disability programs. 2. Take out a short-term disability insurance policy if you plan to become pregnant in the near future and are a freelancer or self-employed, or simply are not covered under your employer’s policy. Pregnancy and the postpartum period is one of the most commonly covered “disabilities” that prevent an employee from working. Just make sure that if you purchase a short-term disability policy to read the fine print so you are satisfied with the coverage you will receive. At some employers, short-term disability is a benefit offered to some (or all) employees. At some companies you must elect into this optional benefit before you are pregnant. Once you do so, you will see monthly deductions come from your paycheck, but at least you will know that your pay will be partially covered when you become pregnant. For those employers who offer short term disability insurance, there may be a portion of the expense that the employee pays for. Typically, short-term disability policies cover 6 weeks of pay at some percentage (up to 100% depending on your policy) for a normal birth and 8 weeks of pay for a Caesarean birth. 3. Start stashing away your savings. Even a small amount per week will make a big difference when you aren’t working. If you are not pregnant yet, this is a good time to start thinking about the future. Consider your monthly payments, household budget, and make a financial plan. 4. Try to negotiate for some small amount of paid maternity leave . While this is not something we believe many women do, there is no harm in asking especially if you can make a case that you can make it worth your employer’s while. Even a few extra days of paid days can make a difference financially. 4. Make sure you have maximized your paid time off, or vacation days after having a baby. If there’s any way to do it while you’re pregnant, try to postpone use of your vacation days until you have your baby. That way, you will receive some money during your time off. If there’s any way to save up your unused vacation days from prior years and you had the foresight to plan, this may add to your current year’s allotment of paid days off. 5. Ask for help. You can ask close family members and friends to pitch in to cover a few days — or even a few weeks — of leave. Even if they are not able to help you financially, they may be able to pitch in or take a few vacation or holiday days to help babysit if you have to go back to work immediately. Friends and family may also have lightly used or perfectly good baby care supplies ranging from clothing items to bedding and toys. 6. Start a crowd-funding campaign for your maternity leave on Indiegogo or GoFundMe . If you aren’t sure your closest friends and family members will be able to pitch in much, you might want to start collecting small amounts from second or third-degree connections (e.g. friends of friends). Broadcasting your story in an honest way can elicit the generosity of strangers. 7. Take on some temporary part-time work or ask for additional hours at work. Depending on the type of work you do, this may not be possible (e.g. there is only so much physical labor that may be advisable while pregnant). Even if your work is typically behind a desk, it may not be easy to take on additional work while you’re dealing with physical fatigue. However, for some women with easier pregnancies, this may be a possibility if you’re really crunched for cash. For example, you may be able to take on consulting work, or freelance assignments, and find such work through online marketplaces for remote jobs . 8. Contact your local government and non-profit organizations for access to goods and services as diverse as baby supplies (ranging from formula to diapers), counseling, education and community support services for new children, mothers and families. Many of these organizations are state or even county and city-specific so while we do not provide a comprehensive list here, organizations like Help a Mother Out (national), Center for Family Services (in New Jersey), The Mommies Network (national), Cradles to Crayons (Boston and Philadelphia), The Homeless Prenantal Program (San Francisco) and Newborns in Need (nationwide) will give you a sense of the wide range of options for those who need help. Babble has compiled a list of the best charities for babies and small children that is quite comprehensive and may be helpful for those beginning their research. 9. You can make use of your credit cards. While it’s scary to take on debt, if you feel confident this is a temporary financial issue, that is what credit cards are for and you can be conservative to try to bridge any coverage you may not be able to afford from your savings, alone. 10. Look into what it would cost to expand your medical benefits. Just in case your childbirth medical care costs end up being more than you expect, now is a good time to examine the fine print on your health insurance and see what is covered and isn't. You may find out that increasing your monthly payments slightly now will help you save more on your ultimate hospital bill. 11. Look carefully into what deducations are coming out of your paycheck. Are you contributing the maximum to your 401K, for example? While you may not want to touch your longer term retirement funds, you may want to consider reducing those contributions temporarily if you're really trying to maximize your current salary and savings for the short-to-medium term. You can always increase your contributions after you return to work and most of your baby-related expenses are under control. Finally, if you do have no choice but to return to work sooner than you want, know that many other mothers have been in your shoes and that you’re far from alone. You are doing the best that you can in a very emotional and difficult situation and we’re in awe of your strength and wish you all the best! Fairygodboss is committed to improving the workplace and lives of women. Join us by reviewing your employer!

  • NY State Maternity Leave and Pregnancy Disability

    Update: On March 31, 2016, New York States' legislature approved paid family medical leave for up to 12 weeks effective 2018. Here's our summary of the coming New York state family paid leave provisions. If you live in New York, you will not receive paid parental or maternity leave benefits from the state government for bonding purposes after the birth of your child. However, you are entitled to receive some payments during the time you are (a) pregnant, and (b) immediately after if you are temporarily unable to work . New York state gets a "B" grade from the National Partnership for Women and Families when it comes to how favorable the state laws for new and expecting parents compared to other American states. How does this work? Under New York law, private sector employers (i.e. not government employees) are required to provide disability insurance benefits for their employees to cover any time they are not able to work due to illnesses or other reasons (not including injuries or illnesses that are work-related because those are covered under worker's compensation insurance). In other words, the inability to work because you are pregnant with complications or immediately after childbirth counts as a short-term "disability" under private sector employer's insurance policies that most are required to carry under state law. Short-term disability benefits require a medical provider provide a written determination that you are unable to work due to your condition. While it be maddening that the government equates such a normal biological event such as childbirth to a "disability", this is simply the term that's applied in the insurance world when it comes to the impact your pregnancy and post-partum medical condition has on your potential ability to work. Who is Covered by Short-Term Disability in New York State? The vast majority of private-sector employees are covered in New York state . There is no employer size cut-off as there is under the federal laws and FMLA . There are also far more lenient qualification rules when it comes to how long you must have worked at a "covered" employer. For example, if you've worked at least 4 consecutive weeks as an employee for a NY state private employer, you meet the tenure requirements. Even if you've switched jobs from one "covered" employer to another "covered" employer -- you start enjoying the benefits to short-term disability laws from the first day at your second "covered" employer. So who is a covered employer? There is an itemized list of exempted employers on the New York state disability website (e.g. priests, sole proprietors, farm workers, rabbis, etc) but the fact that the exceptions are so clearly laid out means that it's very likely most private sector employees are covered. How Do You File a Claim for NY State Disability Wages? Claims for disability payments must be requested via a form your employers has called a DB-450 form. Instructions regarding how to file a claim is available here . Some fine print: you may not preemptively file a claim for disability because you anticipate you will not be able to work due to childbirth or pregnancy conditions. You may not file a claim for disability payments until you are actually unable to work and there is also a deadline to file within 30 days of the time you are unable to work. The claim form requires a medical provider provide a diagnosis and estimates a date upon which you will once again be able to work. How Much (and When) Will You Get Paid? It is better than nothing, but don't expect to make a fortune off of your disability wage payments. The current maximum you will be receive is 50% of your last 8 weeks average gross wages up to a maximum of $170 per week. The first week you are unable to work, you will not be paid and is considered a waiting period. You may receive the benefits after this period assuming you filed your form DB-450 in a timely fashion. Thereafter, you receive benefit payments every two weeks. How Long Will You Receive Benefits? Since this is a work-disability payment, the duration of your benefits depends on when your medical provider's assessment of how long you will not be able to work. That said, the typical post-birth disability period that is prescribed is 6 weeks for a normal delivery and 8 weeks for a C-section birth. The maximum benefit anyone can receive under NY state disability benefits is 26 weeks in any 52 week period. Disclaimer: We tried very hard to summarize what the high level points we think you should know if you're a pregnant, working woman in New York. However we're not attorneys and we don't claim to have covered every single detail, so please check New York's State's website for more information and any updates, please see NY state's website . Fairygodboss is committed to improving the workplace and lives of women. Join us by reviewing your employer!

  • How to Tell Your Boss You're Pregnant: 5 Tips

    No conversation at work produces more anxiety than telling your boss you're pregnant. Even quitting may be easier! Since nerves make it tough to keep even important details in mind, here are 5 tips to help you break the news: 1.  Tell your boss first -- even if you're close friends with your colleagues. Privacy is elusive these days. Many of us are connected to our colleagues and managers on social media platforms, and socialize outside of the office with co-workers. However, don't be like the woman we heard about this summer who phoned in sick and then posted Instagram photos of herself on the beach! We live in a digital world, and secrets are hard to keep. While you're understandably distracted by the excitement and nerves that come with bringing a new little life into the world, controlling your message is very important. After all, you may understandably fear that your boss or colleagues will treat you differently -- and not in a good way -- after your news. That's all the more reason to deliver the news to your boss, yourself. You want see their immediate reaction because it will tell you a lot about his/her attitude towards working moms, your ability to negotiate maternity leave and any other things you may be interested in (e.g. a different work-schedule or flexibility options). One possible exception is if you believe your boss will negatively and you also have a trusted HR confidante who you believe will better support you. In this case, you might want to tell them before your boss and ask for advice about how to handle what you anticipate to be a difficult conversation. 2. Consider your timing. Most women tell their employer that they're pregnant sometime around the end of their first trimester or in the early part of their second trimester.  That's partially because the risk of miscarriages is significantly reduced. This timing also corresponds with when many women start to "show". That said, if you have an important deal, project or performance review, you may want to consider telling your manager afterwards if you're worried about how they will take the news. Just be careful about waiting too long - you don’t want to become fodder for office gossip! 3. Know your basic benefits and rights. It never hurts to do your homework about both your company's maternity leave policy, and your basic maternity leave rights . You don't have to become an expert, but we believe its helpful to be familiar with the basics. You will feel much more confident if you walk into this sensitive conversation with some knowledge under your belt. In addition to federal protections for pregnant employers, be sure to learn about your extra special rights if you're an employee in California , Rhode Island or New Jersey . If you have already decided that you will not be returning after maternity leave, or that you plan on negotiating a different work schedule during your post-maternity-leave return, having a clear understanding of your rights and company policies is even more important. 4. Be brief and professional. In person. This meeting is the first time you'll be telling your boss you're pregnant, but it's certainly not the last time you'll be talking. In this initial conversation, tell your boss that you will share a plan about your maternity leave (if any) later, and try to defer committing to details about dates and other logistics. This gives you more time and space to consider these important decisions. Also, while you may have an impulse to show you're being responsible and thoughtful, there is actually no need to discuss your projects or workload during this first conversation. We understand the urge to assure others of your commitment to your job, but we think it's premature at this stage. Generally speaking, we believe communication during your pregnancy and maternity leave are very important and potentially involve more details and planning than you might imagine. Therefore, we've put together a very thorough checklist that should help you manage all the big and little things related to your pregnancy over the next several months. On the flip-side, while your news makes you ecstatic, this is probably not the best time to get overly emotional. Of course its perfectly fine to convey your happiness, but we have witnessed a number of people who cross the line when it comes to "over-sharing" about physical discomforts or provide too many details about their difficulties conceiving. While you may have an unusually close relationships with their managers, remember that you are still at work. And it is never a bad thing to err on the side of professionalism. Finally, we hope it goes without saying that you should tell your manager the news, face-to-face. You want to gauge their immediately reaction which is much more difficult to do, even on the phone. We are also big believers in documentation so after your conversation, be sure to send a follow-up email thanking them for the meeting and for their support of your news. 5. Don't be nervous. We know its easier said than done. Working moms everywhere worry about being judged as uncommitted to their careers, or being taken less seriously on the "mommy track". These perceptions play out in subtle ways and while they are real, you should hold your head up high. First, those biases are largely out of your control so you should try not to waste too much energy worrying about them. Second, you should aspire to communicate confidence about the upcoming change in your life regardless of how uncertain you may actually feel.  It will help you if you talk to other working parents around you. They can share their experiences and you will probably hear about the way "mom skills" can be assets in the workplace. Everything from time management to people skills can improve after motherhood - which test even the most competent professionals in areas like resource allocation and patience! Do you have any tips or stories that might help others break the news at work about being pregnant? If so, share your advice and opinions with other women in our community. Fairygodboss is committed to improving the workplace and lives of women.  Join us by reviewing your employer!

  • How to Negotiate for More Maternity Leave

    Negotiating for more maternity leave isn't something you may realize you can do. If your employer has a maternity leave policy, understand that it is not set in stone. Instead, consider it a starting point for negotiation. In most cases, you probably have nothing to lose. The worst that can happen is that your employer says "no" and hopefully you don't feel you will damage your reputation or risk your job by simply asking for more. If you're like most women, you didn't ask about your employer's maternity leave when you started working. Most people don't know very much about maternity leave at all, which is why we wrote a maternity leave primer which outlines your basic rights here. If you find out what it is and you're unhappy with what your company offers, we've put together a checklist of strategies that will help you negotiate: 1. Try to hold off on telling your manager or co-workers you are pregnant until you are "ready." By "ready", we mean that you understand what your company's maternity leave policy is and whether you plan on negotiating it. If that ship has sailed, try not to make any commitment or set any expectations about your maternity leave plan until you're ready. If your manager says something like, "Will you be taking your maternity leave?", just explain that you'd like to gather more information and set up a time to talk about it soon. This gives you time to do more research. Being prepared when you deliver your news helps everyone and makes you look well-organized and considerate. 2. Decide what you want, and be specific. Remember, you are negotiating with an employer and you must start with a clear goal in mind. What every woman wants will be different. You may want 8 weeks of paid leave when you are only entitled to 6 weeks. Or you may simply want four weeks of unpaid leave because you don't qualify for FMLA. One big factor in what maternity leave you want may depend on what your childcare options are. Some women may not want to put their children into daycare until a certain age, for example. 3. Do your research. First, consult your employee handbook and get the official policy from HR so you can confirm that your employer is offering you the minimum maternity leave required by law. If they are, you know anything extra you receive is something they are not required to give you. If you're sure you're getting less than what is required by law, then you're negotiating from a place of great strength. 4. Do more research. Ask your colleagues who have been on maternity leave whether they negotiated and were able to receive "unofficial" deals. Even if they haven't, they may give you advice and help you understand what is possible. Most working moms are supportive of each other and they may share important information. For example, they may know who was most helpful to them during their maternity leave, who in HR is the best person to ask about things, and other issues you may not have even realized may come up regarding your leave. Try to find out what your company's competitors offer. This may persuade some employers that they should update their policies since companies have become increasingly generous with maternity leave in the past few years. Some of the information you are looking for may exist in our crowd-sourced maternity leave database. And you may (anonymously) contact Fairygodboss members who work at your company if you don't feel comfortable asking them directly. 5. Determine who you want or need to negotiate with, and size them up. For many women, their direct supervisor or manager will be their best advocate. If you can win your manager over as your ally, you will be able to approach HR or any higher-up managers together. HR may be unwilling to act without your boss' approval, anyway and generally will be less inclined to help you by deviating from policies that they, in all likelihood, created in the first place. If you're uncomfortable speaking with your direct manager, you may have to speak with multiple people or perhaps go directly first to HR. Whatever your corporate hierarchy, simply remember that your pitch should resonate with them and their familiarity with both you and their responsibilities in the organization. 6. Provide your manager with a thoughtful, detail maternity leave plan first. After this has been approved, then negotiate. Your maternity leave plan should include how much contact you will maintain with the office during your absence, your dates of departure and return, what decisions and big milestones you will complete before/during/after your absence (including which colleagues and direct-reports will cover your certain responsibilities), and your plan for managing the transition both into your parental leave period, and then back. These are all things you should address in a formal proposal. You will be in a better position to negotiate more maternity leave if you appear to be well-organized and considerate of your manager's needs. Put yourself in your boss' shoes. What are the hardest issues and questions she will have about how your work will be done in your absence? Is there a colleague who can take over some of your tasks? Can certain projects wait until you come back? Will you finish important work before you leave? 7. Make your requests in-person. We hope this goes without saying, but if you are asking for special treatment, you will need to make your pitch like a salesperson would. Look your manager in the eye, and convince them you love your job, the company and are eager to come back to work after you have your baby. Its important to negotiate in person, rather than over-the-phone or email since you will be able to assess their position by seeing their unfiltered body language. Your more formal request should probably be written down and go into a lot of detail, but you don't need to go over all of that in-person. You can email or present them with the document so the conversation is focused on the big picture. In most cases, we think that HR should be informed after your manager has already approved your plan. To the extent that HR also needs to approve your agreement, we think its better for you and your manager to present a united front. 8. Frame your argument in terms of how it will help the team or your company. Its easier to frame your problem as a joint problem or opportunity, than as a demand or threat. Although you and your baby are obviously the direct beneficiaries of your maternity leave, your company is not just absorbing costs. For example, making sure you are happy during maternity leave and adequately taking care of your personal life means you are much more likely to return to the company. Positioning your request as an exception to the policy can make some managers uncomfortable. Instead, you might try to set it up as an experiment to improve morale or retention. You may be saving the company quite a lot of money and time in terms of recruitment and replacement. There is a decent amount of research showing that companies experience improved retention of women when they extent their paid maternity leave programs. To bolster your case and make it less about you, consider speaking to other co-workers (even those without children) to find out whether they believe the maternity leave policy would discourage them to return to the company. If they agree with you, you can point this out (without naming names). 9. Accept that you may not get everything you want, and actively anticipate alternatives or compromises. You should come up with a "second best" plan in case your ideal maternity leave situation isn't possible. For example, you might be able to get a more flexible or a reduced work-from-home schedule that will pay you some money during the leave and also help lighten your employer's work. You also may be able to receive more unpaid time off than more pay. You should go into your negotiation with an idea of what you think is most achievable and be prepared to compromise a bit. The following are some possible compromises you may be willing to propose in order to possibly receive more pay or a longer maternity leave: job sharing with another employee for part of your maternity leave, part-time work, remote-working and telecommuting, flexible hours, and coming in for special events, seminars or meetings. While we believe that you should really minimize your work during maternity leave whenever possible, sometimes its not possible. 10. Give yourself a reality check. Sometimes you shouldn't negotiate or expect much even if you do. For example, if the company is going through hard times and laying people off, you need to be sensitive to the overall context. If you are relatively new to the company, you've recently gotten pretty bad performance reviews, or don't get along with your boss, it may be unrealistic to expect that you'll be able to negotiate for more. 11. Stage your requests, if that makes sense in your situation. If you know you want more time off and may even quit if you are given more leave, consider waiting until towards part-way through your maternity leave to ask for an extension. While this may not always work, if you're convinced you do not want to return to your employer, you and the employer will have nothing to lose at that point if you part ways (though, note, that some employers will ask you to reimburse them for benefits or maternity leave pay if you do not return for a minimum period after your leave of absence). Fairygodboss is committed to improving the workplace and lives of women. Join us by reviewing your employer!

  • Pregnancy and Maternity Leave for Rhode Island Employees

    If you're a pregnant Rhode Island employee and interested in what your pregnancy and maternity leave rights are, you may be confused about how much maternity leave you can take. However, you're actually luckier than most American women. You live in one of the three states in the United States that guarantees women a partially paid maternity leave under the state's Temporary Caregiver Insurance program. Disclaimer: We tried very hard to summarize what the high level points we think you should know if you're a pregnant, working woman in Rhode Island. However we're not attorneys and we don't claim to have covered every single detail, so please check Rhode Island's Department of Labor and Training website for complete information. What is Temporary Disability Insurance (TDI) in Rhode Island and How Does It Apply to Me? If your doctor determines that you are unable to work due to medical complications related to your pregnancy or childbirth, you may receive temporary disability benefits every week to cover a portion of your lost wages. The maximum period you may receive TDI benefits is 30 weeks. What is Temporary Caregiver Insurance (TCI) in Rhode Island? Employees earning wages in Rhode Island are eligible for TCI which provides up to 4 weeks of partially paid leave for the period of time you wish to bond with a newborn baby (or adopted child). Both parents of a child may use TCI, and it also provides leave coverage for any child that becomes part of your family through birth, adoption, of foster care, regardless of the child's age. Finally, it is also available if a person needs to take time off of work to give care to a seriously ill family member. Since TCI and TDI are different and distinct, you may qualify for both TDI and TCI. Note, however, that TDI requires a medical diagnosis demonstrating that you are unable to work due to pregnancy or medical complications. TDI benefits related to pregnancy are treated like any other short-term disability in Rhode Island and you learn more about that here . This Sounds Great. How is TCI Possible? TCI benefits are fully employee-funded, which means that a small portion of your paychecks are withheld from all Rhode Island employees making over a certain amount, in order to pay for TCI benefits. How Much Do I Receive Under TDI and TCI Benefits? You are entitled to 4.6% of your average quarterly pay in the year prior to the calendar quarter just preceding your application for benefits (up to a maximum of $795 per week as of 2015). The schedule of minimum and maximum payments is updated periodically, so you should check with the RI Department of Labor for the latest information . Temporary Caregiver Insurance Benefits: Eligibility and Other Details We aren't going to reproduce the information and full details available on Rhode Island's Department of Labor website, but we've highlighted a few key facts: You must have been paid wages in Rhode Island totaling at least $1,800 in one of the last five preceding calendar quarters or $10,800 over the course of that entire period. For more about eligibility, click here . - If your employer pays for your maternity leave, you will still be able to receive TDI benefits at the same time. You may not, however, be working in any way. - If you receive any other government benefits (e.g. unemployment insurance or worker's compensation benefits), you will typically not be eligible for TCI benefits at the same time. - TCI benefits must be taken during the first year of your baby's life. - You must give your employer at least 30 days notice that you will be taking TCI leave. - You must take a non-working and non-paid waiting period (7 calendar days) before you can start to receive TCI benefits. What is the Rhode Island Parental and Family Leave Act? This law requires certain employers to grant you up to 13 weeks of unpaid family leave every 24 months and protects your job while you're gone. Covered employers include private employers with more than 50 employees around the world, all state employees, and all municipal government employees with 30 or more employees. While the federal Family Medical Leave Act (FMLA) which we've written about here offers similar protections, the Parental and Family Leave Act applies to more people since it applies to employers who have 50 or more global employees (as opposed to 50 employees within a 75 mile radius under the FMLA. You're eligible for the Parental and Family Leave Act if you've worked at your company for at least 12 months and averaged 30 hours of weekly work during that time. For more detail click here . What is the Rhode Island Fair Employment Practices Act? Adopted on June 25, 2015, Rhode Island has made it unlawful for an employer to refuse to reasonably accommodate an employee's - or prospective employee's -- limitations related to pregnancy, childbirth, or related conditions (including, expressing breast milk for a nursing child). The new law also makes it an unlawful employment practice for an employer to require an employee to take a leave of absence if another reasonable accommodation can be provided, or to deny employment opportunities based on the employer's refusal to reasonably accommodate pregnancy, childbirth, or a related medical condition. The list of reasonable accommodations include: - Providing more frequent or longer breaks - Time off to recover from childbirth - Acquisition or modification of equipment - Seating - Temporary transfer to a less strenuous or hazardous position - Job restructuring - Light duty - Break time and private non-bathroom space for expressing breast milk - Assistance with manual labor - A modified work schedule For more information about this very law (that's still in the implementation period), read here . Fairygodboss is committed to improving the workplace and lives of women. Join us by reviewing your employer!

  • Pregnancy and Maternity Leave for New Jersey Employees

    If you're a pregnant New Jersey employee and interested in what your pregnancy and maternity leave rights are, you may be confused about how much maternity leave you can take. However, you're actually luckier than most American women. You live in one of the three states in the United States that guarantees women a partially paid maternity leave under the state's Family Leave Insurance program, which is provided under New Jersey's Temporary Disability Benefits Law. Disclaimer: We tried very hard to summarize what the high level points we think you should know if you're a pregnant, working woman in New Jersey. However we're not attorneys and we don't claim to have covered every single detail, so please check New Jersey's Department of Labor website for complete information. What is Temporary Disability Insurance (TDI) in New Jersey and How Does It Apply to Me? If you're unable to work due to medical complications related to your pregnancy or childbirth, you may receive temporary disability benefits to cover a portion of your lost wages. In a normal pregnancy, the applicable period of eligibility for these disability payments typically begin 4 weeks prior to delivery, and 6 weeks after childbirth (or 8 weeks in the case of a C-section delivery). You may be eligible for TDI over a longer period if a doctor certifies that you have experienced complications or are still unable to physically perform your job. What is Family Leave Insurance (FLI) in New Jersey? Most New Jersey employees are eligible for FLI which provides up to 6 weeks of partially paid leave for the period of time you wish to bond with a newborn baby (or adopted child). Since FLI and TDI are different and distinct, you may qualify for both TDI and FLI. Note, however, that TDI requires a medical diagnosis demonstrating that you are unable to work due to pregnancy or medical complications. TDI benefits related to pregnancy are treated like any other short-term disability in New Jersey and you learn more about that here . This Sounds Great. How is FLI Possible? FLI benefits are fully employee-funded, which means that a small portion of your paychecks are withheld from all New Jersey employees making over a certain amount, in order to pay for FLI benefits. How Much Do I Receive Under TDI and FLI Benefits? Your FLI and TDI benefits are calculated in the same way. What you will receive is based on the average of your weekly pay for the prior 8 weeks. You are entitled to approximately 2/3 of this average weekly pay (up to a maximum of $633 per week as of 2017). The amount is approximate because you will not see state taxes withheld from your benefits payments (unlike your normal paycheck). The schedule of maximum payments is updated periodically, so you should check with the NJ Department of Labor for the latest information. Family Leave Insurance Benefits: Eligibility and Other Details We aren't going to reproduce the information and full details available on New Jersey's DOL website, but we've highlighted a few key facts: - You must have been paid at least $8,400 in the prior year or worked for 20 weeks (earning a minimum of $168 during each of those weeks) in New Jersey. For more about eligibility, click here . - If your employer pays for your maternity leave, you will not also be able to receive FLI benefits at the same time. You may, however, receive FLI benefits concurrently with any private short-term disability payments you are receiving. - If you receive any other government benefits (e.g. unemployment insurance or worker's compensation benefits), you will typically not be eligible for FLI benefits at the same time. - FLI benefits must be taken during the first year of your baby's life and must be taken in chunks of 7 consecutive days (unless your employer agrees otherwise). - You must give your employer at least 30 days notice that you will be taking FLI leave. If you don't, your benefits may be reduced by 14 days. - Employers may require you to use a maximum of 2 weeks of sick leave or paid time off (such as your vacation) at full pay concurrently during the FLI leave period. If they do, you will not be able to receive FLI benefits for the maximum 6 weeks (and will only receive 4 weeks of benefits). Moreover, when you do come back to work, you will have 2 fewer weeks of paid time off. - There is a waiting period (7 calendar days) before you can start to receive FLI benefits. If your employer requires that you use your fully paid time off to count towards your FLI leave, you can apply that paid-time off towards your waiting period. Moreover, if you are using TDI and FLI consecutively, no second 7-day waiting period applies between the two. What is the New Jersey Family Leave Act (NJFLA)? FLI does not protect your job, which is where New Jersey's Family Leave Act comes in. This law requires certain employers give you up to 12 weeks of unpaid family leave every 24 months and protects your job while you're gone. While the federal Family Medical Leave Act (FMLA) which we've written about here offers similar protections, the NJFLA applies to more people since it applies to employers who have 50 or more global employees (as opposed to 50 employees within a 75 mile radius under the FMLA. You're eligible for NJFLA if you've worked at your company for at least 12 months and clocked a minimum of 1,000 hours. If you're one of the highest paid employees at your company, however, an employer may deny you NJFLA. For more detail click here . What is the New Jersey Law Against Discrimination? This law applies to all private and public employers and prohibits them from discriminating against women affected by pregnancy, childbirth or related conditions. Employers may not treat pregnant women less favorably than those who are not pregnant but have similar work abilities. It requires them to provide reasonable accommodations like bathroom breaks and assistance with manual labor, as well. Fairygodboss is committed to improving the workplace and lives of women. Join us by reviewing your employer!

Maternity and Paternity Leave By State
State Laws on Maternity Leave

Depending on where you work, your maternity leave and pregnancy rights can vary. Some states offer more protections than federal law (FMLA) while others provide no paid leave nor even unpaid leave rights. In an attempt to summarize this patchwork of state laws and compare them to each other, the National Partnership for Women and Families' provides a visual report card of different states' laws in terms of how favorable they are for new and expecting parents. The states in dark red offer the most generous parental leave and pregnancy protections. A state colored in black provides no additional protections beyond those under federal laws: FMLA, the Pregnancy Disability Act (PDA) and the FLSA (Fair Labor Standards Act)'s protections for breastfeeding mothers at work.

State Grades
Maternity Leave Articles
Maternity Leave & Community
  • Any advice for someone searching for work during their first trimester of pregnancy? I currently work with a temp agency for income and am applying for my next role. From what I've read on the boards, it seems that most women are firmly established at their companies but I was forced to look for a new role outside of my former company due to a health condition. They were unwilling to move me to a different role within the company. Any suggestions on how to navigate the next 4-6 months before giving birth?

  • I'm 12 weeks pregnant and just met with HR to find out about our Maternity Leave program only to learn that they only give us unpaid leave (you have to file for state disability to get your 55% salary during those weeks) In talking with other moms, I found they all came back early (because who can really afford to take a big pay cut when you have a new little one to tend to?)

    It never occurred to me to check because kids weren't on the radar when I applied for the job, but I'm totally disheartened that my company that "prides itself" on caring about its people doesn't have something better in place. Has anyone gone to HR to see about improving their policies? I know as a whole our organization had a 12 year tenure when I started and a pretty high average age, so it may have not been on their radar, but I'm shocked that they aren't more progressive. Any advice??

  • Good morning!
    I am seriously stressing about tell my work I am pregnant. Right now I am 9 weeks and 3 days. I work in a very competitive industry (recruiting) just got promoted to Assistant Manager this year and the bosses are mostly men. Its a small business so you would think its family friendly but its not so much. I take on a huge work load and I know it will be upsetting to them (As happy as I am) I know there is nothing they can do legally but I am still scared. I am 38 years old, this is my first, have been at this small company for 8 years. Hard worker for sure so this will be unexpected. I know they do not have maternity leave here so we follow what the state offers. We get short term disability in New Jersey ( 4 weeks before, 6 after) and then I think we can take 6 weeks of FMLA. Now I know once I tell them they do ask what my plan is. I honestly have no idea what my plan is!! Do I need the 4 weeks before? After how long!

    Also, I am going on a preplanned vacation April 1-10, do I tell them when I get back or before I leave?

    Thank you in advance for ANY help, advice, I am quite stressed out!

  • What is the proper etiquette on your first day back from maternity leave? Do you bring a small gift (e.g. box of joe or box of cookies?) I had 2 people covered for me while I'm on a 5 months leave. I would like to show them my gratitude for their additional work. What do you suggest I bring and do I bring it for the whole office of just the 2 people? Or would you bring anything at all?

  • Any tips on how to ask for maternity leave policy when getting a job offer? I really want to make sure I'm going somewhere that has something decent but they aren't on this site yet and I can't find info online for it.

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