The Antiquity has always remained an inexhaustible treasury of knowledge and education. In this work Plato’s ideas concerning education in terms of his idealistic conception are the point of the interest, because Plato’s ideas are the unique Greek cogitative image that opens the spiritual richness of ancient Greek thought. Exactly since the VI century B.C the principles of education in Greece started to form. Plato sought for the ways and methods of the integral development of the person; he was striving to reveal the conditions and tools, which would let people realize their potential in the best way and harmonize their relationships. Emphasizing the issue of education, Plato paid much attention to the problem of the correlation of heredity, environment, mind, will and feelings. His ideas referred to the questions of education are reflected in dialogues Meno, Protagoras and The Republic.
It must be acknowledged that the world-outlook of the epoch of the Antiquity is syncretic. That is why the questions of education are closely connected with the ontology, ethics and aesthetics, especially the problem of education and upbringing includes the questions about moral developments and the idea of the virtuous life and virtuous ideal – “arête,” which is the aim of human’s life, according to Plato. In his earliest dialogues Plato tries to give the most precise definition of arête and he always comes to the conclusion that separate virtues (bravery, reasonableness, piety, justice) are the parts of one entire virtue, which is the purpose of the paideia. According to Plato, the notion “paideia” conforms to the notion “education”. This conception is elaborated in Plato’s dialogues Protagoras and The Republic. “Paideia” means the way (its guidance, organization), which is passed by a person. This way is the way of personal development, inner changing due to the aspiration for the ideal of mental and physical perfection (“kalos kagathos”) via acquisition of virtue – “arête.” The knowledge lets people cognize the genuine values, which are ideas – eternal permanent essences, be virtuous and become perfect. Plato perceived knowledge to be the foundation of all virtues. According to Plato, “arête” or virtue can be taught via cognizing yourself, finding the virtue with the help of active search. Therefore, “paideia” is the tool of the realization of the human nature. Thus, “paideia” is an organized education, which gives people an opportunity to realize their will to reach the true “arête” that is hidden in their souls; a justification of the idea of natural individuality of the person, the reveal of his inner potential.
The essence of this virtue is knowledge. In the dialogue Protagoras he stresses the knowledge to be the background of any education. In this dialogue Socrates tries to persuade the sophists that knowledge, which is virtue, is the source of the education. However, in this work Socrates has to reject his thesis that the virtue cannot be taught in the process of education, if the idea that virtue is knowledge is accepted. Even thought the knowledge is roughly defined in Protagoras as the art of measuring, and the gist of this art is disregarded, Plato raises the question about the essence of the knowledge in a lot of his writings.
Identifying virtue with knowledge as the highest purpose of the education, he returns to the analysis of this notion in his dialogue Meno. In this dialogue the answer of the question about the knowledge as “arête” is given. The question of the gist of knowledge has been very significant for Plato’s philosophy. That is why Meno has been called the program of Plato’s Academy. Such thesis shows that Plato’s Academy has been ahead of other institutions of learning. Philosophy of that time could not have been measured its agenda with the problem of knowledge. Even in Meno Plato tries to show that for him the problem of knowledge is organically connected with his ethical inquiry and gets its meaning in ethical terms. Plato understands the education as the process of the acquisition of knowledge via remembering the essences, eternal forms that existed in our soul before our earthly existence.
Before the incarnation in this life our soul has possessed the knowledge about thing it has to cognize further. Therefore, the search of human thought and the act of cognition is only a reviving of the entire knowledge that slumbers in the depth of our soul. Recalling that truth that has been already known by our soul lets it open other pieces of experience. The ability to revive all forgotten and hidden in the soul perceptions corresponds to the act of the education.
About the author: Olivia Onil is a master in English philology and literature at California University. Olivia is currently working as one of the best writers at the https://essaysprofessor.com/ She also studies feminine psychology.
Browse recent posts
Grateful to finally have interviews but I've used up all my PTO time including medical and dental appointments to complete the early rounds, what else can I do?...I've been struggling at a job that I've longed to leave for few months due to a toxic work situation.
The company won't let me take a lunch break and when I block out times to at least take a short break and they fill them with "required" meetings causing me to miss appointments. It's been a negative situation since I started and I'm emotionally at my breaking point so I need one of these to work!
I couldn't just quit as I needed to find a job first and then bang...a few opportunities. I'm in later rounds for three companies but I'm struggling to find time to interview. So many rounds at all the companies that I've used up doctor, dentist, PTO etc. vacation days and I'm not sure what to do to continue in this process besides taking a chance and leaving my role to interview.
I feel strongly about the roles but since I'm at the stage with senior members before the holidays, they don't have flexibility with their schedules. I've tried a few rounds with before and after work but these later rounds seem to be less flexible when it's with larger groups. Two companies want the successful candidate to start at the beginning of January so I don't want to miss my chance but as much as I'm ready to leave I'm worried to roll the dice if I don't get one of the positions and not have a job.
Please know that I'm grateful for this problem but it's a tough one to manage! I'd appreciate your advice!
1 Like • 2 Comments
Why are there so many anonymous posters on here?
I am not talking about the people asking for advice, or making company-specific comments, but the people responding to the posts with general, non-personal, non-company specific comments.
0 Likes • 1 Comment
Hey looking for some advice.
So i got laid off this past week....and I'm trying to figure out my plan going forward. Luckily i have some cushion to be flexible. My career has always been data in one form or another....moving it...reporting it. I have a BS in Computer Information Technology. As I have always been intested in healthcare....I am interested in working with EMRs, so Im investigating a second BS in Health Information Management hoping it can help get my foot in the door (have had no luck in tthe past). But at 53 I'm wondering if its worth it.
0 Likes • 3 Comments
Struggling career pivoter
Has anyone changed careers from being a teacher to being in Human Resources and how long did it take to get a job? Also, how many HR roles did you apply to?
1 Like • 2 Comments
I’m at a job where I it’s become clear no matter what I do, I’m reprimanded.
I have followed job assignments and done extra work on projects only to be told it wasn’t necessary. I recently created a seven page report in order to deal with a crisis situation and it was literally tossed aside. I just got an email from HR today requesting a meeting regarding an out of town conference I recently attended. I met with my colleagues and students months before the conference and informed them I would be leaving a day early to attend a family wedding. We came up with a plan to manage the days.
Two of my colleagues managed the conference for the last day and flew home with the students. I wasn’t given sufficient funds for Ubers and the hotel and I had to make multiple phone calls to resolve the situation. I know that HR is going to bring up the fact that I left early.
Recently, I had two other colleagues decide that we weren’t going to celebrate a well known holiday at our school. I told them it was not a good idea and that parents would not agree. When the parents protested (as they should have) I was blamed for not telling the colleagues the parents had already put a lot of work into that holiday. They told the parents it was a misunderstanding on my part and the school would celebrate this holiday. I refused to take the blame.
I know my days here are numbered and I am looking for other work. I just need help on how to manage my emotions and act professionally until I leave.
1 Like • 3 Comments
I'm looking for some advice once again.
I fell at my last job in April. I left their employment in May. Just after leaving, I received a bill from one of the hospitals I went to after my fall. I sent the notice to the HR Director and she said emailed back that it was taken care of. Well, shame on me for not ensuring it was done. At the end of October, I received a letter from a debt collector for that bill. I immediately reached out to the HR Director. She said it was taken care of now and let her know if I get a bill. Well, I called the hospital and they did not hear from her. I've been going back and forth with her trying to get all the claim details since then. Continuously, she keeps pushing me back a day or two. Since this is a nonprofit, I reached out to the Board Director and haven't heard back. I don't think he checks the Board email too often, would it be unprofessional to reach out to him on LinkedIn to ask him to check the Board email? I know once he's involved it will be solved quickly. I just want this done ASAP and I'm not sure who outside the organization I can contact for help.